Cultural Dynamics questions

Anthro?s favor formal methods

Description of form over content or meaning.

Basic description formal methods

Don?t use formal methods just because they are formal

Payoff-increased ability to work with content

Formal methods

 Described something with defined terms-defined relations between terms

SE 300 page, little section on type vs harris, etic and emic

Discrete things together you describe to explain complicated things

Example pixels ? model of color values = apple picture

Constructed formal methods not much clues from formal construction.

1000?s apple pixels group in colors?having formally described

use formal method for what they tell us about the apple and not what they tell us about the pixels.

People in formal methods study the labels and not the content

Behavior?refocus but not how it was done before

Until late 1940?s early 1950 no formal concept of a system. Intuitive but not formal. Studied by 1st order characteristics. Tied directly to behavior and try to make it work. Try to interpret directly but not in other ways. No idea of formal connectedness. 

Wholeism protysystemic → all the parts of a social/cultural situation are related to others but doesn?t specifiy how

People would cherry-pick but not look at whole.

Non systemic way.

Systemic ? 2nd order

What is a systemic?

What is the idea of a system to me?

Sally: process of dynamic movement of things that are interrelated (process layered over structure.)

Prior to systemic ? things were about mixtures ½ oz kinship etc.. = marriage Pieces relate but we don?t know what is going on.

Compound ? pices that are specific in relation to each other

Start with first order stuff ? nodes Relationship between things ?this is a part of that logic This is a member of that

 Final element. Stystem having process where relationships could be process or processes that exploit the relationships between elements.

Trobiand - Malinowsky (ski) (his book) Evan Pritchard

Categories Relationship between caegories structural not processional

 Systemic ? conceptual exploiting relationships in a process to find out information

Identified what people were doing and formalized.

Wholeism was proto systemic. Forced you to look for connections even if you didn?t have them.

Procedural sense If you change this this will change conceptualizing process of change (not a strong sense of instances in same systems)

Systems theory

 How mathematics changes mid-20th century.

Quantum mechanics, cybernetics, systems

 Grew up together computing Had an impact on what the mathematicians did

 Only possible following institutions Made people thing about how people thought in the way that you didn?t Before

 (language was poor benchmark)

 Pike-distructiong teens early 20?s exclusive to language (emic etic)
 Cultural productions

 Today ? computers at micro level Handle dat flow to deal with behavior in a disaggregated way prior to 1960?s Difficult to deal with things that were disaggregated

 Disaggregated→keep all data at level it was collected

 Average aggrigation 30 measurements into 1

Multi-aged modeling Data analysis per agent Model is disaggregated model

 Didn?t have time or tools Cross tabulation
Statistical program Aggregates data in different way. More nuanced answers

 Use stats tool to monitor our disaggregated data and we can do it all the time

 Aggregate relationships between nodes and relationships

 Meaning instantiation producing

 Meaning and behavior

 Relationships between meaning and behavior

1) behavior→2) meaning→3) relationship between meaning and behavior

last 8 years traction

Greater emphasis in relating meaning to action/activities Think they?re doing

Created by sally on 2008/08/01 03:10


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